During Christ's human existence, his assignment was not as being a judge over people, but for giving salvation to the world (John 3:17-19, 8:15, 12:47 ). However, he understood that later, as he sat on the throne of God's Kingdom, he would then have the task of judgement (Matthew 19:28-29, Luke 22:28-30). Christ also understood that this task would not be of his own origination, but that The Father would give him that task (John 5:22, 23,27). Christ will judge according to The Father's standards, not according to his own standards (John 5:19-30, 12:48-49 ). The early Christians understood these concepts, citing them at Acts 10:42, 17:31, and Romans 2:16.
The book of Revelation goes into detail regarding Christ's royal position on judgement day at Revelation 19:11-16, which says (New International Version):
11 I saw heaven standing open and there before me was a white horse, whose rider is called Faithful and True. With justice he judges and makes war. 12 His eyes are like blazing fire, and on his head are many crowns. He has a name written on him that no one knows but he himself. 13 He is dressed in a robe dipped in blood, and his name is the Word of God. 14 The armies of heaven were following him, riding on white horses and dressed in fine linen, white and clean. 15 Out of his mouth comes a sharp sword with which to strike down the nations. "He will rule them with an iron scepter." He treads the winepress of the fury of the wrath of God Almighty. 16 On his robe and on his thigh he has this name written:
We know this passage is speaking of Christ, because it refers to the person as named "Faithful and True" (vs. 11) which references Christ's description as faithful at Revelation 1:5. This passage also refers to the person as named "The Word of God" (vs. 13), which is a reference to Christ from John 1:1. Lastly, vs. 16 also says the person bears the name of "King of Kings and Lord of Lords". This is another reference to Christ made at Revelation 1:5.
Our Judgement from Christ will be based on a few things:
1) We will be judged according to our belief or disbelief in The Father and His Christ (John 5:24, 12:48 ).
2) We will have judgement meted upon us individually according to how we judged others during our lifetime. If we dealt harsh judgements on others, we will likewise be judged harshly (Matthew 7:1-2). If we dealt mercifully with others, then we will likewise be shown mercy (Luke 6:37).
3) Our lifetime deeds will also be factored in: Those who committed vile deeds will have a judgement of destruction, those who committed good deeds will have a judgement of everlasting life (John 5:29).
Living people won't be the only ones who are judged in that day. According to scripture, all who are dead will also be given over for judgement (John 5:28-30). This is only fair, since Christ died for all men, not just the ones who happened to be living at the time he came (Romans 5:18, 1 Timothy 2:4-6). The dead who are to be judged will come out from the state of death and from out of Hades as stated at Revelation 20:12-13 (New International Version) :
12 And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before the throne, and books were opened. Another book was opened, which is the book of life. The dead were judged according to what they had done as recorded in the books. 13 The sea gave up the dead that were in it, and death and Hades gave up the dead that were in them, and each person was judged according to what he had done.
Notice something very interesting here: John 5:29 and Revelation 20:12-13 are telling us that the dead are not actually judged until judgement day along with everyone else. And of those dead who are judged, it is then decided whether they receive everlasting life or everlasting destruction, it is not decided before this day. Further notice, that the scripture in Revelation specifies that death and Hades will give up their dead to be judged. Since the dead are not judged until Judgement day, and Hades will be giving up it's dead in order for this judgement to happen, this shows that Hades cannot be a fiery Hell that many believe in. This is because, if you were to believe in Hell, you'd have to believe the people have already been judged in order to receive their sentencing to Hell. Hellfire believers teach that only those judged as wicked and evil go to Hell. But if nobody has been judged yet, then why is anyone in Hades if Hades is a fiery place of Hell? This poses a problem for those who believe in the Hellfire doctrine. Since the discussion of Hellfire and it's originations is rather lengthy, we cannot include it in this essay. However, if you click here, you can read our essay regarding the topic of Hell, Hades, and related subject matter.
As for the matter of Judgement Day, we can see the scriptures give us a clear picture of what will happen: Christ will receive authority from The Father to judge both the living and the dead. Those who are found worthy will be given the reward of everlasting life, and those found unworthy will be given the punishment of everlasting destruction. There will be no place for fence-sitters, undecided people. The bible makes it clear that if a person is not actively in favor of Christ, they will be considered to be against Christ (Matthew 12:30, Mark 9:40).
Since we do not know when Judgement Day will happen, it would be wise to make your decision for Christ now, and to follow through on that decision. None of us want to be caught sitting on the fence when that time comes.
Continue to pray for faith and wisdom, and the God of all mercies will welcome you in His arms.