Many people confuse the Bible term "The City of David" between the cities of Jerusalem and Bethlehem, because both cities are referred to as "David's city" in Scripture: Jerusalem is called "The City of David" because David invaded the Jebusites, who occupied Jerusalem, and ousted them (2 Samuel 5:5-9), and Bethlehem is referred to as "The City of David" because Joseph, stepfather to Jesus, was a native of Bethlehem and a member of David's descendants (Luke 2:4). David's own father was also born in Bethlehem, and apparently so was David (1 Samuel 17:12, 15).
Originally, the city of Jerusalem was named Salem (Genesis 14:18)(KJV, NIV)and was referred to as such by the Psalmist; although, by that time its name had been lengthened to "Jerusalem"(compare the city names at Psalm 76:2, with Joshua 10:1)(KJV, NIV). Salem was identified with the Melchizedek priesthood (Genesis 14:18, Hebrews 7:1-3) (KJV, NIV). It is fitting that our God would choose Jerusalem to be his chosen holy city, for "Salem" means "Peace" (Hebrews 7:2).
IMPORTANCE OF ZION
Interestingly enough, the location of His temple was also the location of:
Is is no coincidence that these all occurred in the same area: Remember, it was GOD who led Abraham to Mount Moriah (Genesis 22:2), it was GOD who stopped the Angel at the Threshing Floor (2 Samuel 24:16), and it was GOD who ordered David to give a sacrifice at this spot (2 Samuel 24:18-19) This particular parcel of land had been God's special area for quite some time.
Because the hub of worship was centered in Jerusalem, the Israelites made special efforts to go to Jerusalem for important occasions, such as the Passover observation (Luke 2:41, John 11:55), the Festival of Dedication / Hanukkah (John 10:22) ( Footnotes of HSCB, and NIV; Text of NLT,and Message,), and other rituals according to the Jewish Law (Luke 2:27).
It is worth noting that earthly Jerusalem was simply a physical copy of the spiritual Jerusalem in Heaven (Hebrews 8:5, 9:24)(CEV, NIV). According to Scripture, Mount Zion will endure forever (Psalm 125:1), for it is a place of refuge for God's faithful followers (Joel 2:32).
New Jerusalem / Mount Zion, will come to earth, a merging of the heavenly with the earthly, when God's Kingdom comes (Ezekiel 37:26-28, Revelation 3:12-13, Revelation 21:1-4).
It wasn't a mere accident that God's holy temple was located in the city of Jerusalem. The location had been historically significant from as far back as King Melchizedek, and continues to figure prominently in prophecy today. The earthly Jerusalem is simply a foreshadowing of Heavenly Jerusalem, which will merge with earth after Christ's second coming.
May we all find peace with God as we await this magnificent event!